Newport Beach DUI Checkpoint announced

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Newport Beach DUI Checkpoint announced

Newport Beach DUI Checkpoint announced

Orange County DUI Checkpoints

The Newport Beach Police Department wants to get the word out, and announced a drunk driving checkpoint for tonight, December 23, 2016.  The timing of the checkpoint are set for between the hours of 8:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m..  According to the press release, they are especially focusing on drug DUI cases, as well as valid driver’s licenses.

As one of a number of Orange County DUI Checkpoints scheduled for the holidays, the checkpoint will be somewhere in the City of Newport Beach city limits.  It was not noted by the NBPD how the expected heavy rainfall tonight will affect the checkpoint operations.

If past locations are any indication, it is most likely (1) off Jamboree Road near Santa Barbara Avenue, next to Fashion Island, or  (2) off Newport Boulevard, coming up to the beginning off the 55 Freeway, out of the Balboa Peninsula.  Of course, the Newport Beach DUI checkpoint could be anywhere.

You can read the full press release from the Newport Beach Police Department here: http://www.nbpd.org/civica/press/display.asp?layout=12&Entry=605

As stated, “Officers will be looking for signs of alcohol and/or drug impairment with officers checking drivers for proper licensing delaying motorists only momentarily. When possible, officers will be available to evaluate those suspected of drug-impaired driving, which now accounts for a growing number of impaired driving crashes.”

Drivers caught driving impaired can expect the impact of a DUI arrest to include jail time, fines, fees, DUI classes, other expenses that can exceed $10,000, not to mention the embarrassment when friends and family find out, or the effect of a DUI conviction on your career or license.

Funding for this checkpoint is provided to the Newport Beach Police Department by a grant from the California Office of Traffic Safety, through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.  Those grants can represent a substantial amount of money to individual officers, as they usually go towards officer overtime. 

As we have stated before, DUI Checkpoints don’t work.  They tend to be more about the money than about traffic safety, as they are not very effective in apprehending drunk drivers.  If you have questions about DUI checkpoints, or need an Orange County DUI Lawyer, contact our firm today. 

Orange County Sheriffs on Full Alert to Catch Drunk Drivers

DUI Checkpoints in Orange County

‘Tis the season that  Orange County Sheriff’s Department personnel will be out looking for drunk drivers (including those driving under the influence of drugs) as part of a special year-end Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over enforcement mobilization.  Orange County Sheriffs on Full Alert to Catch Drunk Drivers this time of year.

This year the Orange County DUI enforcement will focus more than ever on drug impairment, which likely will out number alcohol DUIs this year.

“Beginning December 16 and continuing into 2017, you will see stepped up enforcement for anyone driving impaired,” said Sergeant R. Wert of the Orange County Sheriff’s Department. “We want to keep our roads safe for holiday travelers, so we will have zero tolerance for drugged driving.”

As part of the Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over enforcement campaign, police departments within the County of Orange, the OCSD and the California Highway Patrol will set up all of the following:

  • Orange County Driving under the Influence (DUI) checkpoints;
  • Orange County DUI saturation patrols;
  • On Friday, December 16th, 2016, the Orange County Sheriff’s Department is conducting a DUI checkpoint event;
  • On Friday, December 30th, 2016, the OC Sheriff’s Department are conducting county wide DUI saturation patrols
  • All law enforcement will be conducting various DUI enforcement events during the holiday season into January, 2017.

Orange County Sheriffs on Full Alert to Catch Drunk Drivers and drugged drivers – Prescription medication, marijuana and illicit drugs can impair judgment and result in a DUI arrest for drug DUI the same as alcohol.

California drunk drivers also have an app for that – everyone is encouraged to download the DDVIP mobile app for Android or iPhone. The DDVIP app helps find nearby bars and restaurants that feature free incentives for the designated sober driver.  The feature-packed app even has social media tie-ins and even a tab for the non-designated driver to call Uber, Lyft or Curb.

For more information on the Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over enforcement campaign and all OTS efforts, you may visit www.ots.ca.gov. To learn more about the DDVIP app, please visit the OTS Facebook at www.facebook.com/CaliforniaOTS or follow OTS on Twitter @OTS_CA.

All of these activities are done to make sure that grant money for DUI enforcement is fully spent and used during the fiscal year. Funding for all holiday enforcement campaigns in California are provided by grants from the California Office of Traffic Safety, through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

If you have questions about why DUI Checkpoints don’t work, or need to consult with an Orange County DUI Lawyer, contact our firm today.  We can help. 

Sugar Alcohol: is it a Breathalyzer False Positive?

Sugar Alcohol: is it a breathalyzer false positive?

dui breath test
Sugar Alcohol: is it a breathalyzer false positive? As Orange County DUI Attorneys, we are often asked about what can be a false positive for breathalyzer testing.  Is It’s not surprising that any mouth alcohol–that is, ethanol or any of its chemical cousins — can be detected.  For that reason, the breath testing laws require an appropriate waiting period prior to the breath sample.
The main issue can be referred to as the various instruments’ capabilities for specificity.  That is, can it measure the specific kind of alcohol–ethanol for the purposes of testing in a DUI case –to the exclusion of any false positives for ethanol?

Sorbitol and false positives

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.  It is used in mints, gums, toothpaste, and many sugar-free products.  Sugar alcohol is generally part of the chemical composition of sorbitol and xylitol, which is both one of many forms of alcohol derived from fruit.

Those substances are used as a sugar replacement due to its sweet characteristic in gum, food and other general consumer products.  It is slowly metabolized by the body, so DUI false positive effects for diabetics and glucose (or insulin) are minimal to none.

The problem is that all of the following are alcohol, only in different forms:

  • Ethyl alcohol;
  • Isopropyl alcohol;
  • Methanol;
  • Ethanol alcohol;
  • Glycol alcohol;
  • Sorbitol (sugar alcohol); and
  • Xylitol. 

Each will test positive for alcohol as measured by a testing device.  Breathalyzers, or any breath testing machines, that use Fuel Cell technology are well documented not to be specifically able to measure only ethyl alcohol in readings. And as our Orange County DUI Lawyer Robert Miller can tell you, ethyl alcohol is the only relevant type of alcohol to be tested in the machine for a DUI.

Sorbitol and Breath Testing

Anecdotally, many in the breath testing industry confirm that blowing into breath testing machines with sorbitol in the mouth will cause false positives.  A machine can falsely read as high as .04 for alcohol (when you are actually 0.00%) when chewing sorbitol gum or mints.

A television news crew, reporting on a DUI case that ended up being dismissed in Massachusetts, used Crest toothpaste, which contains sorbitol, and a lozenge, on a subject that had no alcohol.  The toothpaste resulted in a .04% reading on a breath testing device in that state that had read a 0.0% before the test. When repeated with the lozenge, the same result occurred.

It is not unusual for persons that have been drinking, and many that are not drinking, to have mints in their mouth with sorbitol when they are stopped by the police. As a result, the most common scenario is for the false positive reading for sugar alcohol to be added to any alcohol found in the breath, making the reading artificially high, and usually above the legal limit of a .08% alcohol level.

As with false positives for acetones, sugar alcohol can be a false positive for alcohol.  An expert witness experienced in the field of alcohol can help explain false positive breath tests to a jury and get a not guilty at trial in a DUI case.  That is done by explaining the science of how the sugar alcohol inflated the reading.

Sorbitol in the Blood as a False Positive for Alcohol

Blood sorbitol, as opposed to mouth sorbitol, is tested slightly differently.  The question for any blood test where sorbitol is involved is whether or not its presence in the bloodstream will register as ethyl alcohol on any breath machine or specifically on a breath testing device.  Those machines will typically register any alcohol in the body, including “sugar alcohol”,  even though there is no evidence that sugar alcohol makes someone drunk.

It is always a good idea in every case to talk to an alcohol expert experienced in DUI cases on the subject.  Because most breath machines can’t tell the difference between the alcohols, any sugar alcohol combined with any existing ethyl alcohol molecules will combine together, to give an artificially inflated higher reading. That can be a problem if someone was, say, a .06%, but the sugar alcohol issue tests at a .04% (as it did in the tests above).  The reading would be a .10%, putting the subject above the .08% level, even though they were actually below the legal limit.

When it comes to blood testing defenses, an expert witness will think of overlapping peaks (the alcohol curve of the sugar alcohol, plus the alcohol curve of the drinking ethyl alcohol), as an additive effect, which under what may appear to be a single peak to a more unsophisticated testing machine.

Sugar Alcohol: is it a breathalyzer false positive? How Alcohol Testing Works

Devices that use a fuel cell to measure the alcohol generally detect all alcohols that are present in the breath.  A fuel cell oxidizes the alcohol molecule in a chemical reaction.  If the alcohol would burn if a fire was applied, in general, it will react in the fuel cell.  Burning is a process of oxidizing a substance, and you know that if we remove all of the oxygen, a fire goes out.  Fuel cell machines (like the breathalyzers used in Orange County DUI cases) assume that if alcohol is reported, it only is reporting ethanol.  Sometimes that assumption is wrong.

Machines that use an infrared detection method rely upon the molecular vibrations that occur between different parts of the alcohol molecule.  For example, the Intox 8000 and 9000 depend on the vibrations that take place between the “O-H” hydroxyl portion of the molecule and the rest of the alcohol molecule.  They do this with the 9.5-micron filter they employ.  Since all alcohols have this “O-H” hydroxyl component, all of the alcohols will be reported by this measurement technique.  The analysis is very machine dependent.

There is no known or generally accepted extrapolation formula to determine the increase of the breath alcohol test result from sorbitol, xylitol etc.  The best practice is to use whole blood analysis with proper Gas Chromatograph testing.

How much of an increase from any in the blood?  That is related to, and the key issue, in a sugar alcohol false positive case. But it is in most cases unknown. In a DUI cases, it may help to show reasonable doubt to introduce this as evidence in the case.

How to Present Alcohol False Positive Information in a DUI case.

Understand that it remains the government’s burden to prove a DUI case beyond a reasonable doubt.  All the DUI defense attorney needs to do is to show problems or holes in the proof offered by the prosecutor.
The key is that it can be a significant error, and the government does not know how much higher it could have caused the reading to be either.  There is no published literature on the topic, regarding sorbitol in particular.  The mechanics of how the devices work leaves little doubt that they cannot discriminate between the different forms of alcohol, and that these forms of alcohol can be in the breath.  Trying to develop a formula for how much the result is off by is a dangerous undertaking — and usually, it is not possible, given all of the variables.
In breath testing science, you either can state that the measurement is correct or you cannot say that.  If it can be incorrect, because of any reason, including the introduction of other forms of alcohol, then you cannot trust the answer.

Contact Us For Questions.

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Sugar Alcohol: is it a breathalyzer false positive? If you have questions about the effect of sorbitol or sugar alcohols like xylitol or sorbitol on DUI breath testing machines, contact our office for a free consultation.  We are here to help.
With impeccable credentials, hundreds of great results in DUI cases, and over 22 years of courtroom and trial experience, Robert Miller is the right choice for any case where you need the help of our DUI attorneys.